Are you thinking of doing some gardening? Trying to put things together, but you can't seem to find the right way to do it?
One thing that's for sure is that setting up a farm can be a challenging task. You have to ensure that you have the right tools, and also knowledge on what and when to carry out some bits of the farming. However, with the tips below, you can easily start and manage a successful garden.
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What is Gardening?
This refers to an activity where you tend and cultivate a piece of farm. It is usually associated with small scale farming, and most people practice it as a passive activity.
Guide on how to start a garden
Choose the plants you want to grow
The first and most important step is to choose the plants that you want to grow. As a rule of thumb, grow plants that will give you value. This refers to those that can be consumed as food or provide aesthetic value to your compound. However, it is advisable to consult with your neighbors on what plants are best to grow for your environment so that you do not end up planting species that will not survive.
Pick a location
The next step is for you to choose where you will carry out the farming. This is important because it will affect the plant's access to sunlight and ease of access. Have the farm in a place where you can easily access it when it comes to weeding and tending to it. Also, ensure that there is no obstruction blocking sunlight, which is vital for growth.
After choosing where you want to have your garden, the next step is deciding its size. It is important to note that raised beds are more efficient if you are planning to carry out farming in a small space. They not only make it easy to farm but are more appealing aesthetically. However, you should understand that raised beds lose water quickly, and you should only use one if you have a surplus supply of water.
Instead of planting in single rows, it is advisable to use blocks or bed. Ideally, a garden should measure between three and four feet wide – this allows you to access the center from any side. Also, the bed should be 10 feet long so that you do not step into it and compact the ground.
Inside the beds, grow plants in a grid or rows. Your objective should be to maximize the growing space. Make sure that you only apply fertilizer when you need it since it saves time and money.
When starting, ensure that there is enough space for each plant to grow. This is because plants become more prominent as they grow, and overcrowding affects their health. A small garden that is well taken care of can produce as much as a large garden that is poorly tended.
Get the right tools
Using the right tools is essential for any garden, big or small. Having the right tools with you will make the gardening process efficient and productive compared to making use of the wrong farm tools. Some of the essential equipment needed for gardening include a garden hoe, leaf rake, and shovels.
If your budget allows, avoid purchasing plastic tools because they get damaged easily. Instead, you should go for metal tools since they have a longer lifetime. More importantly, you should use the right-sized tool to reduce the risk of getting an injury.
Carry out soil testing
Before you plant anything in your garden, it is essential to know the PH condition of your soil. This information helps you to understand your soil's risk of contamination, its chemical composition, and how it affects the choice of plants you will grow. Some plants perform well in alkaline conditions while others thrive in acidic areas.
Carry out proper planting
You will notice that the seed packets come with instructions on how to use the seeds. If you have not planted the same seeds before, ensure that you follow all the guidelines issued by the seed companies. Generally, you should ensure that you've planted the seed in a depth that's three times its diameter.
Tend to your garden
Your garden will only thrive if it is well taken care of. From time to time, ensure that you weed and water the plants. Check out for plant pests or diseases so that you can curb them early enough.
It is worth noting that too much water is as harmful as little water. For this reason, it is crucial to check the soil before adding more water. If the ground seems to be wet, then you should not carry out any irrigation.
Benefits of gardening
Besides improving the appearance of your home, gardening has several other benefits. It can be considered as a form of exercise, and the following are some of the benefits that you will enjoy.
Exercising helps to burn calories
Since gardening is a physical activity, it can assist in burning calories. In fact, it is more intense than talking a stroll. So, if you want to boost your efforts to stay fit, consider trying out some gardening.
Better financial health
Well, gardening can be costly, but if you follow the best gardening practices, you can easily save a lot of money. One, you will not incur extra costs in buying any vegetables as you will have your own in the backyard. Secondly, you can sell the extra produce you get from the farm and make some extra coin, and this is definitely a benefit you will want to pass on.
Will help you beat loneliness
If you live alone, then practicing some gardening can help occupy the void that causes loneliness. It gives you the opportunity to spend your time alone doing something meaningful. In the end, you will have less time to think and worry about being lonely.
Should I hire a professional for my gardening?
Yes. It is important to get the help and advice of a landscaping expert for your gardening. The help will come in handy in choosing the plants to grow, testing soil PH, and treating infections. You may only neglect to work with a professional if you have extensive skills and knowledge in gardening. Otherwise, doing so is necessary.
If you are bored or lacking something to do at home, consider starting a garden. As seen above, it is relatively simple to start and has multiple benefits. By engaging in this activity, you get physically fit and improve your mental health.
Lastly, gardening is a cost-effective activity, and you can do it yourself. You don't have to be experienced to become a good gardener. So set out and start your gardening journey today.